Bubble CPAP Machine v2.0

The author cutting some wood for his prototype Introduction Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of global child mortality. 20–38% of deaths in the first 48 hours of life are attributed to respiratory failure. Moreover, complications associated with premature birth, often related to breathing problems, are responsible for an additional 30% of neonatal mortality. In the developed world, bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a gentle and effective tool to manage babies in respiratory distress. Hospitals use tubing, wall air, and oxygen to set up bubble CPAP at the bedside. Pressure is safely and simply regulated by submerging the end of the tubing in a bottle of water. The depth of the tube in the water determines the...

Using 3D printing to help in the fight against COVID-19 in Tanzania

‘Changamoto huleta Maarifa’ a Swahili proverb meaning ‘Neccesity is the mother of all inventions’.Perhaps the above quoted proverb is more relevant now than ever before in human history, as the world grapples with the appalling effects of the Novel Corona virus invasion. Apparently, the African continent is no exception in this, see updates: https://africacdc.org/covid-19/.  Even though infection rates may seem trivial for a continent of 1.2 Billion people and a country of approximately 56 million people, truth is- you can never underestimate the aggressive nature of a deadly contagion such as COVID-19. Undeniably, the COVID onslaught has been the biggest test to development practioners and actors across many continents.  In Tanzania, it offers yet again a realization that we probably need to…

DIT Design Studio: Innovation for COVID-19 Preparedness in Tanzania

By Julia Jenjezwa and John Msumba, PhD Tanzania is home to over 60 million people. Its largest city, Dar es Salaam, is home to five million people—a densely populated and vibrant port city. Located within this city, inside one of its many universities, is our country’s premier invention education design studio—the Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) Design Studio—a space dedicated to student innovation that has become a hub for COVID-19 preparedness and response within our communities. I am Julia Jenjezwa, and it is my job to oversee the work of the DIT Design Studio. I work with my colleague and co-blogger, Dr. John Msumba, DIT Lecturer and Head of the Industrial Liaison and Career Guidance Department, to guide...